Advaita, Visistadvaita and Dvaita
Frequently Asked Questions
- 'Two birds with similar qualities and attached to each other, reside in the same tree. One of them (Jivatma) eats the fruit (the results of his karma), whereas the other (Iswara or Brahman) shines, without eating the fruit.
- "The Jivatma realises that the supreme self or Brahman directs him and he is the object of direction".
- "He, the Jivatma, is different from Brahman. By winning the grace of Brahman, the Jivatma attains salvation".
- "The three-fold nature, can be simply put as follows
- who experiences pleasure and pain;
- the object of such experiences and
- He,the Brahman who directs all".
- "He is the lord of Matter and Jivatma and the possessor of qualities".
- "Brahman is the ruler whose knowledge has no limits. The Jivatma has his knowledge limited".
- "The Brahman is different from Matter or Achetana and is greater than the Jivatma.
- "He is different and He rules over the Jivatma and the Matter.
- "The knower of Brahman attains the supreme.
- "He reaches the other side of samsara and reaches the Paramapada of Vishnu".
- "I belong to the Brahman and I will not leave Him".
- "All these are born out of Him and because of Him they live and they go back to Him.
- "The brahmins understand Him, by learning the Vedas, by doing penance, by giving donation and by doing yagas.
- "The Brahman cannot be attained by reading the scriptures, by intelligence,...
- "He is the lord of all. He is the ruler of all".
- "There are two eternal, permanent things. One is Brahman, knowing everything and all powerful. The other is with limited knowledge and powerless, namely, Jivatma.
- "The Jivatma enjoys the Paramapada along with Brahman. So, the above are a few examples of bheda sruti. These are some of the passages from the Vedas, which clearly show that the Jivatma is different from Paramatma. There are innumerable such passages in the Vedas.
- Apparent reality (Pratibhasika Sat) - like mistaking shell as silver; mistaking rope as serpent.
- Relative reality (Vyavaharika Sat) - like world, sky, fire, water.
- Absolute reality (Paramarthika Sat) - This is Brahman.
So, according to them, except for item (3) above, Brahman, everything else is maya (illusion).
- The Vedas describe Brahman thus: Brahman is that, from whom all these beings are born; by whom all these beings live; in whom all these beings rest, after death. From the above description, it can be seen that all these beings have to be real.
- Brahman is the material cause of the world. He therefore evolves into the world. So how can the world which has been created by Brahman, be unreal?
Thus we say that the world and all the beings in it are real.
- The first sentence is the famous "Tattvamasi".
- In the same way, the second sentence, "I am Brahman" also is correct. My soul is Jivatma. Jivatma's soul is Brahman. So, my soul's soul is Brahman. Hence "I am Brahman".
- The third sentence, "All things are Brahman," is also correct. Because, the soul or Atma of all things is Brahman, by the body/soul relationship. So, everything is Brahman, since everything has Brahman for its soul. Brahman has everything for His body.
- By the same reasoning, the fourth sentence "There are no several things here" is also correct. Because all things have Brahman as their soul. Hence, all things are identified with Brahman, as their soul. Hence there are no several things. All things are Brahman only (as their soul)
Thus we interpret the great sentences, in accordance with our philosophy.
Other frequently asked questions
- Vadakalai and Tenkalai
- The Three Secrets
- The Departure of the Soul
- Jivatma and Paramatma
- Karma, Janana and Bhakti Yogas
- Advaita, Visistadvaita and Dvaita
- Iswara – The Lord and Master
- Matter and Creation
- The Eternal Jivatma
- The “Doctrine Special” of Visishtadvaita
- Alwars and Acharyas
- Vedas and Sastras